Colleges and universities cultivate discovery-oriented, knowledge-based debate of society’s most challenging issues. Debate is necessarily conflictual and may not lead to agreement. Colleges and universities must be free to determine their own methods of regulating intellectual differences within their communities. Some wrongly equate scholarly and scientific debate with public square free speech, but distinct standards apply to each. While public and social movements breathe life into colleges and universities, university debates must satisfy scholarly standards in order to discover and disseminate new knowledge. Higher education’s value lies in its ability to foster exploration of problems of mutual interest, to acknowledge issues of conflict and disagreement, and develop creative responses to public challenges.